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Characterisation of brominated flame retardants from e-waste components in China

Many studies show that high levels of many toxic metals and persistent and bio-accumulative chemicals have been found in electronic waste (e-waste) dismantling sites and their surrounding environmental media. Both flame-retardant plastic housing materials and printed circuit boards (PCBs) could be the major contributors. However, relatively little work has focused on the use or […]

The environmental injustice of beauty: framing chemical exposures from beauty products as a health disparities concern

The obstetrics-gynaecology community has issued a call to action to prevent toxic environmental chemical exposures and their threats to healthy human reproduction. Recent committee opinions recognise that vulnerable and underserved women may be impacted disproportionately by environmental chemical exposures and recommend that reproductive health professionals champion policies that secure environmental justice. Beauty product use […]

Lead Content of Sindoor, a Hindu Religious Powder and Cosmetic: New Jersey and India, 2014-2015

This study assessed the extent of lead content of sindoor, a powder used by Hindus for religious and cultural purposes, which has been linked to childhood lead poisoning when inadvertently ingested. The authors purchased 95 samples of sindoor from 66 South Asian stores in New Jersey and 23 samples from India and analysed samples […]

sEcad and EGF Levels Increased in Urine of Non-ferrous Metal Workers and Medium of Uroepithelial Cell Line Treated by Arsenic

Inorganic arsenic (iAs) is a carcinogen and could increase the risks of bladder, lung, and skin cancer. Mining and smelting of non-ferrous metals are common occupational arsenic exposures. In this study, 125 individuals working in non-ferrous metal smelting plants were separated into two groups according to urinary total arsenic (TAs) levels: group 1, TAs […]

A survey on selection, use, maintenance, and management of chemical protective gloves at workplaces in Japan

The aim of this study was to survey the selection, use, and maintenance of chemical protective gloves (CPGs) at real workplaces. Subjects comprised 817 workers using CPGs at seven domestic manufacturing plants in Japan. The authors administered an anonymous questionnaire survey comprising the following aspect related to CPGs: environment of use, conditions of use, […]

Occupational Distribution of Campylobacteriosis and Salmonellosis Cases -Maryland, Ohio, and Virginia, 2014.

Campylobacter and Salmonella are leading causes of bacterial gastroenteritis in the United States and are estimated to cause >1 million episodes of domestically acquired illness annually (1). Campylobacter and Salmonella are primarily transmitted through contaminated food, but animal-to-human and human-to-human transmission can also occur (2,3). Although occupationally acquired infections have been reported, occupational risk […]

Occurrence and Health Risk of Patulin and Pyrethroids in Fruit Juices Consumed in Bangkok, Thailand

The mycotoxin patulin (PAT) is well known as a natural contaminant of apple- and other fruit-based products. Pesticides are a group of chemicals abundantly used in agriculture to maximise productivity by protecting crops from pests and weeds. Because of their harmful health effects, PAT and pesticides are strictly monitored. The current study was undertaken […]

Reducing chemical exposures at home: opportunities for action

Indoor environments can influence human environmental chemical exposures and, ultimately, public health. Furniture, electronics, personal care and cleaning products, floor coverings and other consumer products contain chemicals that can end up in the indoor air and settled dust. Consumer product chemicals such as phthalates, phenols, flame retardants and per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances are […]

Oral contraceptives, breastfeeding and the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis: results from the Swedish EIRA study

This study investigated whether oral contraceptive (OC) use or breastfeeding (BF) influence the risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), stratifying the cases by presence/absence of anticitrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA), and whether these factors interact with known risk factors in the development of ACPA-positive RA. Women aged ?18 years, participants in the population-based case-control. Swedish Epidemiological […]

Potential health risk of heavy metals in the leather manufacturing industries in Sialkot, Pakistan

This is a systematical report on the potential health risk of heavy metals from the leather industries in Pakistan based on multiple biological matrices of the exposed workers and indoor dust samples. The adverse impacts of heavy metals on the oxidative enzyme and their risks to workers’ health were also explored. The results indicated […]