Different exposure profile of heavy metal and health risk between residents near a Pb-Zn mine and a Mn mine in Huayuan county, South China

/Different exposure profile of heavy metal and health risk between residents near a Pb-Zn mine and a Mn mine in Huayuan county, South China/

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Different exposure profile of heavy metal and health risk between residents near a Pb-Zn mine and a Mn mine in Huayuan county, South China

Heavy metal contamination of environmental media in mining area is a global major concern because of its potential threat for human health through food chain. However, the comparison of exposure level and health risk is scarce among people living in the vicinity of mining area with different pollution source. In this study, the concentrations of [read more]

Profiles, variability, and predictors of urinary benzotriazoles and benzothiazoles in pregnant women from Wuhan, China

Benzotriazoles (BTRs) and benzthiazoles (BTHs) are emerging contaminants with high production volume worldwide, which exhibit potential health risk to human. To date, little is known about the exposure of BTRs and BTHs (BTs) on human, especially in the context of pregnancy. In the present study, the authors aimed to characterise the exposure profiles, temporal variability, [read more]

Relationship between buprenorphine adherence and relapse, health care utilisation and costs in privately and publicly insured patients with opioid use disorder

Treatment for opioid use disorder is important because of the negative health, societal and economic consequences of illicit opioid use, but treatment adherence can be a challenge. This study assessed the association between buprenorphine medication-assisted treatment (MAT) adherence and relapse, health care utilisation and costs. Patients with opioid use disorder who were newly initiating a [read more]

Endocrine disruptor compounds in environment: As a danger for children health

Endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) are heterogenous in structure and include synthetic organic compounds such as pharmaceutical agents, plant protection products, plastics, plasticisers, polychlorinated biphenyls, dioxins, flame-retardants, and antifoulant paint additive, as well, as natural plant-derived EDCs termed phytoestrogens and mycoestrogens. Children and adults are exposed daily to EDCs during drinking contaminated water, eating, breathing polluted [read more]

Variability of urinary concentrations of non-persistent chemicals in pregnant women and school-aged children.

Exposome studies are challenged by exposure misclassification for non-persistent chemicals, whose temporal variability contributes to bias in dose-response functions. In the present study, the authors evaluated the variability of urinary concentrations of 24 non-persistent chemicals: 10 phthalate metabolites, 7 phenols, 6 organophosphate (OP) pesticide metabolites, and cotinine, between weeks from different pregnancy trimesters in pregnant [read more]

Surgical smoke: still an underestimated health hazard in the operating theatre

Smoke generated from electrocautery dissection contains irritating and/or carcinogenic components. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a mobile smoke evacuation system (SES) in protecting surgical personnel from these hazardous fumes. Standardised cuts with an electrocautery device were performed on fresh porcine tissue, and the generated surgical fume was analysed with [read more]

Monitoring early cell damage in physicians who are occupationally exposed to inhalational anaesthetics

Worldwide, millions of professionals who work in operating rooms are occupationally exposed to inhalational anaesthetics. Thus, the potential health effects of the continuous exposure to inhalational anaesthetics on individuals in the operating room remain a subject of debate. Human biomonitoring is a potentially useful tool for assessing the health of exposed professionals. No report has [read more]

Chronic Exposure to Solvents Among Construction Painters: Reductions in Exposure and Neurobehavioral Health Effects

In the present study, the authors assessed the neurobehavioral effects of lifetime solvent exposure by comparing the performance of painters and demographically comparable controls. Performance of exposed painters (N?=?133) was compared to unexposed tapers, glaziers, or carpenters (N?=?78) on the following domains: motor/perceptual speed, visual contrast, attention, working memory/planning, and visual and verbal memory. Lifetime [read more]

Risk of various types of cataracts in a cohort of Mayak workers following chronic occupational exposure to ionising radiation

This study is the first to report cataract type specific risks in a cohort of Russian Mayak Production Association workers following chronic occupational exposure to ionising radiation. In this retrospective cohort study, 22,377 workers (females 25.4%) first employed in 1948-1982 were followed up till the end of 2008. All cataract subtypes were significantly dependent on [read more]

Risk Management of Hazardous Materials in Manufacturing Processes: Links and Transitional Spaces between Occupational Accidents and Major Accidents

Manufacturing processes involving chemical agents are evolving at great speed. In this context, managing chemical risk is especially important towards preventing both occupational accidents and major accidents. Directive 89/391/EEC and Directive 2012/18/EU, respectively, are enforced in the European Union (EU) to this end. These directives may be further complemented by the recent ISO 45001:2018 standard [read more]