Acute respiratory distress syndrome

A rapid onset of respiratory failure caused by the inability of the lungs to perform normal gas exchange because. Symptoms include breathlessness, tachypnea and hypoxemia. May be caused by breathing in a foreign body, cardiopulmonary bypass surgery, gram-negative sepsis, multiple blood transfusions, oxygen toxicity, trauma, pneumonia or respiratory infections. Also called adult respiratory distress syndrome, congestive atelectasis, pump lung, shock lung, wet lung or noncardiogenic pulmonary edema.