ROCA (medical condition)

A rare inherited disorder characterized by abnormal pigmentation balance in the skin, eyes and hair (due to a genetic mutation of the MC1R gene). Tyrosinase, which is needed for the production of melanin which gives the skin, hair and eyes their color, is present but but a pigmentation imbalance causes a distinctive reddish coloration to the skin and hair. See also Rufous oculocutaneous albinism